Environment of Vietnam















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Vietnam is a country with different landscapes, 3 000 km of rich coasts of South Chinese sea and huge amount of valuable historical and cultural monuments, a lot of which are on the list of world culture and historical heritage. There are mountains, which are covered with old forests, and river valleys, and waterfalls, and lakes, and amazing beaches with white sand and clear water.

More than 80% of Vietnam territory is covered with low height and average height mountains. On the north there are two block-folder ridges of southern-east stretch -Hoang Lien Shon with the highest mountain – FanShyPan (3,143 m above the sea), ShusungTiaoTay, Shamshao, which are parallely to each other, and are separated with narrow, deep valleys. Along the west border Annams mountains are situated (ChyongShon). In the central and south parts of Vietnam basement and basalt plateaus – Pleyku, Daklak, Lamvien, Zilin’, Central – are situated.

The biggest and the fullest rivers of South-East Asia – Hong and Mekong end their route in Vietnam by felling into South-Chinese sea. In the downhills and Hong’s delta on the North of Vietnam alluvial-delta plain – Bakbo is located. Enormous alluvial-delta plain Nambo lies in far south-west of the country in Mekong’s delta. Big amount of rivers go to the Central plateau and Annama’s mountains in the place of joining with East Chinese Sea, what made narrow stripe of marine accumulative plain.

Vietnam lies in sub-tropical zone, and local climate varies from freezing winters in north high-mountain districts till subtropical heat within whole year in river Mekong’s delta. In the location, which situated on the level of the sea, year average degrees is near 27C on the north.

Animal world of Vietnam is variable but the number of animals sharply fall down because of killing of different types of animals, not legally hunting and pollution of the surrounding environment. Fauna includes elephants, monkeys, tigers, leopards, crocodiles and turtles. Forests, which cover less than 30% of the country are in danger of disappearing, because of the growing level of habitants and pollution by industrial waste. Since 1992 the situation began to change thanks to prohibition of export of untreated wood, spreading of ecological-educational programs and reforestation project.